Test out your knowledge of crime…
How have crime levels changed over the last 10 years?
According to the Crime Survey for England and Wales for the year ending March 2019, 81% of people surveyed said they believed that crime in England and Wales has been rising.
Can you guess how many incidents of crime there were in the year ending March 2019, given that there were 10.0 million in the year ending March 2008?
Crime incidents, England and Wales
Are murder and homicide the same thing?
Murder is a subset of homicide, and the terms cannot be used interchangeably. Homicide includes murder, infanticide, manslaughter, and corporate manslaughter. In the year ending March 2019, there were 701 homicides, of which 85%, or 593, were murder.
Overall, the rate of homicide in England and Wales remains low, at 12 homicides per one million people.
Homicides by offence type, year ending March 2019, England and Wales
Who are the Perpetrators of Homicide?
Men aged 16 years and over were most likely to be killed by a stranger in the year ending March 2018 (35% or 166 victims). This is different to the year ending March 2017 when they were more likely to be killed by a friend or acquaintance (24% or 114 victims). Women aged 16 years and over were most likely to be killed by their partner or ex-partner in the year ending March 2018 (33% or 63 homicides). For all adult victims, no suspect was identified in 27% (175) of homicides. In these cases, it is not possible to determine if the victim knew the perpetrator.
A statistic often quoted is that two women a week are killed by their current or former partner. This number fluctuates. The average number of women killed per week using the latest data for the year ending March 2018 is 1.2. Rounding this number causes inaccuracies in the statistics. For example, rounding this number down to one would equate to 52 women over a year, 11 less than the actual total of 63. Using the same method, the average number of men killed each week by their current or former partner is 0.13.
Is knife crime only a problem in London?
The police recorded 47,137 offences involving a knife or sharp instrument in England and Wales in the year ending March 2019.
Most people know that violent crime includes things like wounding, physical assault, and murder. It also covers a range of other offences, many of which do not result in a physical injury to the victim, for example, minor assaults (like pushing and shoving), harassment, and psychological abuse.
Just under half (47%) of all violent incidents recorded in the Crime Survey for England and Wales in the year ending March 2019 did not result in a physical injury to the victim.
Gun crime has increased in recent years, but what does the trend look like over the last decade? How do you think the number of firearms offences recorded by the police has changed over the last 10 years?
Firearms offences, England and Wales, year ending March 2019
Firearms offences recorded by the police increased by 3% (to 6,684) in the year ending March 2019. We have seen a generally upward trend since 2014, but the rate of increase has been slower over the last two years. Figures recorded in the year ending March 2019 remained 18.5% below those seen a decade earlier (year ending March 2009).
Have your perceptions of crime changed?
Source: Office for National Statistics – Crime Survey for England and Wales, Home Office – Police recorded crime